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  1. Vygotsky: he graduated from Moscow University with a degree in law
  2. Social Learning Theory: Bandura’s Social Learning Theory postulates that people learn from one another, via observation, imitation, and modeling.
  3. Not a form of intelligence, according to Gardner multiple intelligence. The visual auditory dimension.
  4. In December of 1917, he graduated from Moscow University with a degree in law.
  5. Vygotsky was called “The Mozart of Psychology“
  6. Industriousness vs. Inferiority Child develops cognitive abilities to enable in task completion.
  7. Middle Childhood (6 to 12 years) Achieving personal independence.
  8. According to Bandura, personality is shaped by an interaction among cognitive factors,
    behaviors and environmental factors. This interaction is termed reciprocal determinism.
  9. In 1963, they published Social Learning and Personality Development
  10. According to Erikson what conflict is experienced during fifth stage (13-21) identity versus role confusion
  11. According to Erikson what conflict is experienced during seventh stage (40-65) generativist vs. stagnation?
  12. According to Erikson what conflict is experienced during sixth stage (21-39) intimacy vs isolation
  13. According to Erikson what conflict is experienced during eighth stage(65)ego integrity vs despair
  14. According to Erikson what conflict is experienced during forth stage(5-13)industry vs inferiority
  15. a schema includes both a category of knowledge and the process of
    obtaining that knowledge.
  16. The ability to thinking about abstract ideas and situations is the key symbol of the
    formal operational stage of cognitive development.
  17. Interpersonal intelligence Understanding social etiquettes and norms are of the different situations
  18. He died on June 10, 1934, at the young age of thirty-seven after long battle with TB.
  19. Projective techniques are:The Rorschach Ink Blot Test.
  20. Operant Conditioning is a type of learning in which a behavior is strengthened when it’s followed by reinforcement, and weakened when followed by punishment.
  21. Another part of adaptation involves changing or altering our existing schemas in light of
    new information, a process known as accommodation.
  22. Type theorists hold that personality differences are due to an imbalance of FOUR
    humors or body fluids: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
  23. Havighurst identifies three sources of developmental tasks (Havighurst, 1972
  24. Vygotsky was born in
  25. Early adulthood (19 to 29 years) Managing a home
  26. Safety is the feeling people get when they know no harm will befall them, physically,
    mentally, or emotionally
  27. People with high verbal linguistic intelligence probably they are good at:
  28. Infancy – Early Childhood (birth to 5 years) Learning to take solid foods.
  29. Maslow suggested that the first and most basic need people have is the need for
  30. Naturalistic intelligence You can recognize and classify all types of animals, plants and minerals in the real world
  31. In 1913 entered Moscow University through lottery. In December of 1917, he graduated from Moscow University with a degree in law
  32. Ability to use the body purposefully is called Body Kinesthetic Intelligence
  33. Howard Gardner theory of multiple intelligence which intelligence is related with the capacity to use language. Linguistic
  34. Scaffolding “role of teachers and others in supporting the learner’s development and providing support structures to get to the next stage or level” Vygotsky.
  35. Esteem presents the typical human desire to be accepted and valued by
  36. Multiple intelligence is created by Howard Gardner.
  37. Age group of identity vs role confusion stage 6-11
  38. Piaget believed that all children try to strike a balance between assimilation and
  39. Children begin to think symbolically and learn to use words and pictures to represent
    Preoperational Stage
  40. Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development suggests that children move through four
    different stages of mental development.
  41. According to Erikson psychological theory which crisis describe that person shows active involvement in teaching and guiding the youngsters generatively vs stagnation.
  42. Vygotsky Belong to Middle-class Jewish family.
  43. Intelligence is measured through intelligence testes that are individual’s tests (Stanford Binet test) as well as group tests (Wechsler tests)
  44. Vygotsky’s work did not become known in the West until 1958, and was not published there until 1962.
  45. Self efficacy: Similar to confidence. The belief that one is capable of performing a
    certain behaviour to attain a certain goal
  46. Constructivism Is an approach to teaching and learning based on the idea that cognition is the result of “mental construction”
  47. Adolescence (13 to 18 years) Achieving new and more mature relations with age-mates of both sexes.
  48. Vygotsky completed 270 scientific articles.
  49. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) proposed the concept vygotsky
  50. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). The difference between what a child can do independently and what the child needs help from a more knowledgeable person to do.
  51. Behaviorism, which originated with the work of the American psychologist John B.
  52. In 1913, Watson published an article also known as The Behaviorist
  53. Ability to make and read graphs is Logical mathematical intelligence.
  54. Operant Conditioning introduced by FSkinner
  55. During this stage, children begin to thinking logically about concrete events. The Concrete Operational Stage
  56. Sources of development tasks are given by havinghurst 3
  57. Number of stages in Developmental task theory 6
  58. According to vygotsky Knowledge is not transferred passively, but is personally constructed.
  59. In humanistic approach Maslow arranged human needs in hierarchies Five
  60. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in
    his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in Psychological Review.
  61. Children at this stage tend to be egocentric and struggle to see things from the perspective
    of others. The Preoperational StageAges: 2 to 7 Years
  62. Classical Conditioning – Pavlov
  63. According to Skinner a behavior is strengthened when it’s followed by: Reinforcement
  64. Good leader or manager and have to coordinate with employees then you might have
    good interpersonal intelligence Interpersonal intelligence
  65. Psychosocial theory of personality development by Erikson is divided into 8 stages.
  66. Initiative vs. Guilt Ages 3-5
  67. Identity vs. Role Confusion Ages 12-18
  68. As per trait theory when a person is outgoing and like social gathering is categorized as
  69. Howard gardner has divided intelligene in 8 categories.
  70. At which stage a person is able to get married, starting a family and managing home? Early Adulthood
  71. Basic strength: Stage 5: Identity vs. Role Confusion of erikson theory Fidelity –
  72. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is proposed in
  73. The above formula of calculating IQ, presently known as Ration IQ is no longer used.
    Instead deviation IQ.
  74. Which of the following point is not the Contributions of Erikson ambiguous terms and concepts.
  75. A seven-year-old who is developing necessary concepts and achieving personal
    independence is in Middle childhood.
  76. Middle Childhood (6 to 12 years ) Learning physical skills necessary for ordinary games and developing basic skills in reading , writing and calculating.
  77. Infancy – Early Childhood (birth to 5 years) Learning to take solid food  Learning to walk Learning to talk
  78. The Rorschach Ink Blot and Thematic Apperception Tests are examples of which personality
    assessment technique Projective methods
  79. In classical conditioning, an unlearned, inborn reaction to an unconditioned stimulus is an? Unconditioned response
  80. Thinking develops in recognizable stages which depend on natural maturation: